Male Patient Assessment Services

According to statistics 50% of infertility problems can be traced from male medical conditions. It is important for men to be tested as soon as a couple realizes that they have fertility issues. PARIVAAR Fertility Centre helps you determine the cause of infertility and suggests an effective treatment plan to help you overcome it.


Evaluating, Testing & Treatments

The following examination can help determine the cause of the fertility issue:

Urological Exam – This physical test is a instrument that identifies a wide variety of fertility problems. The process starts by assessing the size of the testicles and examines the scrotum and rectum to evaluate the prostate and seminal vesicles.

Semen Analysis – A semen analysis is a common test to determine if there is a male fertility issue. Semen is collected and examined in order to evaluate the presence of sperm, to evaluate the sperm count, shape, appearance, and mobility of the sperm. Your sperm may also be checked for signs of problems such as infections. While determining the sperm count we also check to determine if the concentration is above or below 15 million sperm cells per millilitre of ejaculation fluid as over 15 million sperm per millilitre is considered normal.

Hormone Testing – Hormones plays a vital role in sexual development and in sperm production. A blood test is done to measure the level of testosterone and other hormones.

Testicular Biospy – This examination evaluates by taking a sample, under local anesthesia, of a small fragment of the testicle. Further the cells from the sample fragment are examined under a microscope.


Causes Of Male Infertility

The reasons of male infertility are several and cannot be identified easily. However, in some cases, infertility can stem from an obstruction in male genital tract or from a lesion. In other cases it may be due to low sperm count, poor sperm mobility or due to abnormal shape.

Azoospermia – This is identified in a condition where the sperm is absent in the initial fluid. In most of the cases, it is caused by either primary testicular failure or hormonal, chromosomal or obstructive abnormalities.

Oligo-Astheno-Teratospermia (OATS) – OATS is defined as sperm of low concentration, reduced mobility and abnormal morphology. This is rather a decline in fertility and not a sterility problem.

Sperm Antibodies – Anti-sperm- antibody test looks for special proteins( antibodies) that fights against a man’s sperm in blood, vaginal fluids, or semen. The test involves a sample of sperm and adds a substance that binds only to affected sperm. Semen can cause an immune system to respond either in the man’s or woman’s body. The antibodies can kill or harm the sperm. If an increased number of sperm antibodies come in contact with a man’s sperm, then it becomes difficult to fertilize an egg. The couple has a hard time being parents. This is called immunologic infertility.